Crime fiction , detective story , murder mystery , mystery novel , and police novel are terms used to describe narratives that centre on criminal acts and especially on the investigation, either by an amateur or a professional detective, of a serious crime, generally a murder. Crime fiction has multiple sub-genres ,  including detective fiction such as the whodunit , courtroom drama , hard-boiled fiction, and legal thrillers. Most crime drama focuses on crime investigation and does not feature the court room. Suspense and mystery are key elements that are nearly ubiquitous to the genre. In this tale, a fisherman discovers a heavy locked chest along the Tigris river and he sells it to the Abbasid Caliph , Harun al-Rashid , who then has the chest broken open only to find inside it the dead body of a young woman who was cut into pieces.
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By doing this, composers are able to present their audiences with new themes and values relative to their social contexts. In , Murder in the Rue Morgue by Edgar Allan Poe broke the traditional character constraints of the Crime Fiction Genre, by introducing a new type of lead detective figure. The ideal detective figure encompassed traits of superiority, intelligence, wit and a keen sense for observation. The lead detective figure is a sophisticated character that is not bound to the constrictions and limitations.
The Crime genre is an umbrella that entails everything that is related to a crime: from mysteries to thrillers, although in thrillers, the crime is often ongoing, while in crime fiction , the crime is already perpetrated and the protagonist is looking for the perpetrator. For that reason, we will look at thriller as a separate genre that crosses with crime, rather than as a part of the crime genre as a whole. On the whole, we will divide this guide in three parts. In the first part, we will focus on the crime itself, because that will define the category or subgenre of your novel. The second part will focus on the plot of a crime fiction novel, and the third part will focus on how to build a crime puzzle.
This article was co-authored by David A. Payne, JD. David A. Payne is the co-creator, author, and host of the critically acclaimed true crime podcast "Somebody Somewhere," a Editor's Choice on Spotify.