The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the history of Western civilization , a record of the development of human civilization beginning in Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome , and generally spreading westwards. Ancient Greek science, philosophy, democracy, architecture, literature, and art provided a foundation embraced and built upon by the Roman Empire as it swept up Europe, including the Hellenic world in its conquests in the 1st century BC. From its European and Mediterranean origins, Western civilization has spread to produce the dominant cultures of modern North America , South America , and much of Oceania , and has had immense global influence in recent centuries. In philosophy, first civilizations had made numerous powerful contributions to western civilization. Greek philosophers were awesome thinkers who were resolved to look for truth to a specific subject or question regardless of where it drove them. The well-known philosophers trusted that life was not worth living unless it was inspected and the truth about existence was searched out.
Western Civilization Essay
Catholicism and Western Civilization - Free Essay Example | premiopoesiadiliegro.info
The Roman Empire lost the strengths that had allowed it to exercise effective control over its Western provinces ; modern historians posit factors including the effectiveness and numbers of the army , the health and numbers of the Roman population, the strength of the economy , the competence of the Emperors , the internal struggles for power, the religious changes of the period, and the efficiency of the civil administration. Increasing pressure from invading barbarians outside Roman culture also contributed greatly to the collapse. The reasons for the collapse are major subjects of the historiography of the ancient world and they inform much modern discourse on state failure. In , unmanageable numbers of Goths and other non-Roman people, fleeing from the Huns , entered the Empire. In , after winning two destructive civil wars, Theodosius I died, leaving a collapsing field army, and the Empire, still plagued by Goths, divided between the warring ministers of his two incapable sons. Further barbarian groups crossed the Rhine and other frontiers and, like the Goths, were not exterminated, expelled or subjugated.
Essay On The Impact Of Religion On Western Civilization
Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. It is the world's largest religion , with about 2. Christianity remains culturally diverse in its Western and Eastern branches , as well as in its doctrines concerning justification and the nature of salvation , ecclesiology , ordination , and Christology.
Native Americans , also known as American Indians , First Americans , Indigenous Americans and other terms , are the indigenous peoples of the United States; sometimes including Hawaii and territories of the United States , and other times limited to the mainland. There are federally recognized tribes living within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations. The ancestors of living Native Americans arrived in what is now the United States at least 15, years ago, possibly much earlier, from Asia via Beringia. European colonization of the Americas , which began in , resulted in a precipitous decline in Native American population because of new diseases to which they had no immunity , wars , ethnic cleansing , and enslavement.