A hedge fund is a pooled investment fund that trades in relatively liquid assets and is able to make extensive use of more complex trading , portfolio -construction and risk management techniques in an attempt to improve performance, such as short selling , leverage , and derivatives. Hedge funds are regarded as alternative investments. Their ability to make more extensive use of leverage and more complex investment techniques distinguishes them from regulated investment funds available to the retail market, such as mutual funds and ETFs. They are also considered distinct from private-equity funds and other similar closed-end funds , as hedge funds generally invest in relatively liquid assets and are generally open-ended , meaning that they allow investors to invest and withdraw capital periodically based on the fund's net asset value , whereas private-equity funds generally invest in illiquid assets and only return capital after a number of years. Although hedge funds are not subject to many restrictions that apply to regulated funds, regulations were passed in the United States and Europe following the financial crisis of — with the intention of increasing government oversight of hedge funds and eliminating certain regulatory gaps. Although most modern hedge funds are able to employ a wide variety of financial instruments and risk management techniques,  they can be very different from each other with respect to their strategies, risks, volatility and expected return profile.
ICICI Bank: Restoring Faith in Corporate Governance
Chanda kochhar (ICICI) Corporate Governance Case
This article explains and offers standards and templates for Corporate Governance for business students, teachers, managers and leaders. For a shorter definition and explanation see Introduction to Corporate Governance. Corporate Governance is now central or strongly related to some of the world's most serious modern economic challenges. The term 'Corporate Governance' is defined in different ways, so care is required when interpreting its precise meaning in different situations. To begin with, literally, the term 'corporate governance' is by implication self-defining, on the basis that:.
Corporate Governance And Internal Audit: A Case Study Of Mmdas In Volta Region Of Ghana
Corporate administration is to a huge degree, a lot of components through which outcast financial specialists shield themselves from confiscation by insiders La Porta et al. The theme of corporate governance has attained prominence particularly since the s and all the more so after the code of corporate administration issued by the Cadbury advisory group. In accordance with the Cadbury Council, the Kumar Mangalam Birla Committee additionally issued a code of corporate administration for organisations in India. As part of the corporate culture prevalent worldwide, directors are in charge of the administration of their organisations. The Companies Act was enacted in and was amended in , and
August 29, in Foundations of Risk Management. Corporate governance can be defined as the way the firms are run. The relationship between corporate governance and risk has become fundamental since the financial crisis.