Read the most current version. Non-grandfathered plans and coverage generally, plans or policies created or sold after March 23, , or older plans or policies that have been changed in certain ways since that date are required to provide coverage without cost sharing consistent with these guidelines beginning with the first plan year in the individual market policy year that begins on or after December 17, Before that time, non-grandfathered plans are generally required to provide coverage without cost sharing consistent with the previously issued guidelines. The Affordable Care Act — the health insurance reform legislation passed by Congress and signed into law by President Obama on March 23, — helps make prevention affordable and accessible for all Americans by requiring health plans to cover preventive services and by eliminating cost sharing for those services.
Literature Reviews on Domestic Violence
Pregnancy and domestic violence: a review of the literature
Women are at an increased risk of experiencing violence from an intimate partner during pregnancy. If domestic and family violence already exists, it is likely to increase in severity during pregnancy. Young women, aged years, are more likely to experience domestic and family violence during pregnancy. Poor birth outcomes such as low birth weight, premature birth and post-natal depression are associated with domestic and family violence during pregnancy. Pregnancy and early parenthood are opportune times for early intervention as women are more likely to have contact with health and other professionals. In Australia, violence against women is a serious public health and social problem with substantial numbers of women and children affected Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS],
Exposure To Domestic Violence
Children's exposure to domestic and family violence has become a prominent policy issue comparatively recently. In the past two decades, empirical evidence about the extent to which children are exposed to domestic and family violence and the negative effect this has on their development, has created an impetus for policy responses to this issue. Such responses are also reflected in the recognition that exposure to family violence is a form of child abuse in some state and territory child protection frameworks, the Australian Government's National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children COAG, b , and the federal Family Law Act Cth.
If a person experiences trauma; specifically that of domestic violence, either directly or vicariously indirectly from a young age, they do not properly pass though the appropriate developmental stages. This will hinder their emotional growth—causing them to remain stuck in one particular stage. This alone, will affect how the family members relate to one another from that point on and will put the child at a disadvantage because they will be unable to form healthy relationships with those outside the family system as well.