William Hare Mount St. Vincent University William. For Russell, the ideal is embedded in the fabric of philosophy, science, liberalism and rationality, and this paper reconstructs Russell's account, which is scattered throughout numerous papers and books. It appears that he has developed a rich conception, involving a complex set of skills, dispositions and attitudes, which together delineate a virtue which has both intellectual and moral aspects. It is a view which is rooted in Russell's epistemological conviction that knowledge is difficult but not impossible to attain, and in his ethical conviction that freedom and independence in inquiry are vital. Russell's account anticipates many of the insights to be found in the recent critical thinking literature, and his views on critical thinking are of enormous importance in understanding the nature of educational aims.
Empirical evidence that humans are causing global warming
Britain's Human Rights Act is the latest in a wave of legislative and constitutional instruments that have been passed in a number of countries including Canada, New Zealand and South Africa and which put human rights at the top of the public law agenda. For the most part these instruments are widely welcomed by senior judges and by academic and practising lawyers, many of whom will have campaigned for their introduction. There are, however, very considerable doubts about the wisdom of these developments within the democratic tradition of government which remain unanswered. This collection of 20 essays written by an array of internationally prestigious scholars explores these reservations.
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Reacting to the poor record of the UK Human Rights Act and similar provisions in protecting human rights, this book explores ways of promoting human rights more effectively through political and democratic mechanisms. The book expresses ideological scepticism concerning the relative neglect of social and economic rights and institutional scepticism concerning the failures of court-centred means for enhancing human rights goals in general. Other chapters deal with the historical human rights failures of courts during the Cold War and in Northern Ireland, the diverse outcomes of human rights judicial review, and examine aspects of the human rights regimes in a variety of jurisdictions, including Finland, Sweden, New Zealand, Australia, Scotland, Canada, Europe, and the United States. Keywords: human rights , scepticism , human rights law , judicial review , democracy , constitutional law , UK Human Rights Act.