The instrument was invented in medieval India and flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries and arrived at its present form in 18th-century India. Used widely throughout the Indian subcontinent, the sitar became popularly known in the wider world through the works of Ravi Shankar , beginning in the late s and early s. The history of the sitar is disputed, with Western scholars favouring West Asian origins and Indian scholars favouring local Indian origins. It was also theorized in Muslim tradition, that the sitar was invented, or rather developed by Amir Khusrow c. In the early Mughal Empire , tanbur style instruments continued to be used in court.
Short Essay on Languages in India
Sitar - Wikipedia
Tradition of music is very old in India. First description of music finds its mention in the oldest scriptures in the Hindu tradition called Vedas in plural which are thousands of years old. Indian classical music is spontaneous, elaborate and expressive. It differ slightly from the Western classical music as it uses just-intonation tuning instead of equal-temperament tuning system that Western classical music uses. It has the same 7 notes and each octave is divided into 12 semi-tones. Indian classical music can be broadly classified into Hindustani classical music which is found in North India and Carnatic classical music which is found normally in South India. Hindustani classical music has two main form Khyal and Dhrupad and several other classical and semi-classical forms.
Music of India
Indian popular music, which is most strongly influenced by Indian folk music is shaped by social, economic, and technological forces. Popular music is closely linked to the social identity of its performers and audiences. Most Indian popular music is associated with the commercial film industry, centred on Mumbai, in which song-and-dance scenes are inserted into plots. It is a remarkably eclectic genre, borrowing freely from other Indian musics and popular music's from around the world, including some Western harmonic procedures. Like classical Indian music and Indian folk music, it is overwhelmingly monophonic: melodies are sung or played solo, rather than in harmony with another singer.
Indian classical music is very diverse and distinct in the whole world. It uses variety of musical instruments to achieve this feat. Hindi film industry incorporates Indian classical music in their sound tracks.