In order to make informed decisions about how best to support children and young people with disabilities, effective strategies that facilitate active and meaningful participation in school are required. Clinical factors, diagnosis or impairments somewhat helpful in determining what should be provided in interventions. However, clinical factors alone will not offer a clear view of how to support participation. It is helpful then to look at wider psychosocial and environmental factors. The aim of this review was to synthesise evidence of psychosocial and environmental factors associated with school participation of 4—12 year old children with disabilities to inform the development of participation-fostering interventions. A systematic search and synthesis using realist methods was conducted of published research.
Exploring reasoning mechanisms in ward rounds: a critical realist multiple case study
[PDF] Critical realism in case study research | Semantic Scholar
Scientific racism , sometimes termed biological racism , is the pseudoscientific belief that empirical evidence exists to support or justify racism racial discrimination , racial inferiority, or racial superiority. Modern scientific consensus rejects this view as being irreconcilable with modern genetic research. Scientific racism employs anthropology notably physical anthropology , anthropometry , craniometry , and other disciplines or pseudo-disciplines, in proposing anthropological typologies supporting the classification of human populations into physically discrete human races, some of which might be asserted to be superior or inferior to others. Scientific racism was common during the period from the s to the end of World War II.
Critical realism (philosophy of the social sciences)
Metrics details. Community engagement is increasingly seen as crucial to achieving high quality, efficient and collaborative care. However, organisations are still searching for the best and most effective ways to engage citizens in the shaping of health and care services. It provides policymakers and professionals with evidence-based guiding principles to implement their own effective community engagement CE strategies. A Rapid Realist Review was conducted to investigate how interventions interact with contexts and mechanisms to influence the effectiveness of CE.
In the social sciences, the term case study refers to both a method of analysis and a specific research design for examining a problem, both of which can be used to generalize findings across populations. This tab focuses on the latter--how to design and organize a research paper that analyzes a specific case. A case study research paper usually examines a single subject of analysis, but case study papers can also be designed as a comparative investigation that shows relationships between two or more subjects. The methods used to study a case can rest within a quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method investigative paradigm.